Lines of Research

recursos naturales

Sustainable management of agricultural resources

Within this line of research, we are studying the efficient use of nitrogen in the livestock-raising sector, proposing and evaluating strategies that reduce emissions into the atmosphere at a farm level with an integrated approach (animal-farm-soil). In addition, we are contributing to the development of a decision support system in the sustainable use of grazing resources on livestock-raising farms. To do this, we are looking at agricultural aspects (production and nutritive quality of the grass as the basis for livestock feed) and ecological aspects (structure and dynamics of plant communities, conservation of biodiversity as a guarantee of the operation of the agro-ecosystems). Finally, we are working on indicators for sustainable forest management, zoning of the forest landscape, adapted forestry and new forestry models in the framework of the green economy and the circular economy.

Nahia Gartzia  (Acceso a research Gate)
Ander Arias (Acceso a Research Gate)
Isabel Albizu (Acceso a Research Gate)

Assessment and recovery of degraded soils

Within this line of research, we are working on the impact of different sources of environmental stress (pollution, climate change, agricultural practices) on the functionality and sustainability of soil resources, through the use of our own microbial ecology tools (soil microbial indicators). Among other things, we are evaluating (i) the efficiency of of bio- and phytoremediation methods for contaminated soils with trace elements and/or organic compounds and (ii) the effect of the application of environmentally friendly agricultural practices. We are also working on analysing the degradation risks of forest soils and providing technical assistance on fertility management for owners and forest managers.

Carlos Garbisu (Acceso a Research Gate)
Lur Epelde (Acceso a Research Gate)
Anders Lanzén (Acceso a Research Gate)

Impact, mitigation and adaptation to climate change

Within this line of research, we are preparing high resolution climate scenarios (25 x 25, 1 x 1 km) and analysing the impact and adaptation to climate change in the agricultural, livestock and forestry sectors, using agroclimatic models. In turn, we have tools for calculating the carbon footprint and water footprint for the majority of the products generated in the agricultural sector. Since 2005, we have taken part in the GHG emission inventory in the Basque Country. In addition, we are working on fine tuning and monitoring greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from the agricultural and livestock sector, both on an experimental and real level, evaluating the efficiency of different mitigation strategies of the aforementioned emissions. Moreover, we are working on the selection of species and forest origins which are better suited to climate change and carbon sequestration in forest soil.

Oscar del Hierro (Acceso a Research Gate)
Pilar Merino (Acceso a research Gate)
Haritz Arriaga (Acceso a Research Gate)